Baru-baru ini adik perempuan saya mengadu yang dia mendapat penyakit scoliosis..Tulang belakang berbentuk S..menyebabkan kelihatan bongkok sedikit..Ianya agak menakutkan saya..Apakah punca-punca yang menyebabkan perkara ini terjadi..Apakah simtom-simtom penyakit ini..Adakah penyakit ini merbahaya..Bagaimana untuk mengubatinya? Semuanya bermain dipikiran saya ketika ini.
Agak ketara juga kelihatan tulang belakang adik saya itu bengkok..katanya..sudah perasan dari tingkatan 2 tapi tiada pendedahan mengenainya dan merasakan itu perkara normal. Ada juga kawan lain yang turut sama mengalami masalah ini..apa puncanya ye? saya juga dulu pelajar sekolah yang membawa beban buku-buku berat..tapi alhamdulillah tiada masalah..rasanya, masih ramai orang diluar sana yang sama seperti saya yang tidak diberi pendedahan mengenai penyakit ini..malah tidak tahu langsung kewujudan masalah ini..
What Is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis is a lateral (toward the side) curvature in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. When viewed from the side, the spine should show a mild roundness in the upper back and shows a degree of swayback (inward curvature) in the lower back. When a person with a normal spine is viewed from the front or back, the spine appears to be straight. When a person with scoliosis is viewed from the front or back, the spine appears to be curved.
What Causes Scoliosis?
There are many types and causes of scoliosis, including:
- Congenital scoliosis. Due to a bone abnormality present at birth.
- Neuromuscular scoliosis. A result of abnormal muscles or nerves. Frequently seen in people with spina bifida or cerebral palsy or in those with various conditions that are accompanied by, or result in, paralysis.
- Degenerative scoliosis. This may result from traumatic (from an injury or illness) bone collapse, previous major back surgery, or osteoporosis (thining of the bones).
- Idiopathic scoliosis. The most common type of scoliosis, idiopathic scoliosis, has no specific identifiable cause. There are many theories, but none have been found to be conclusive. There is, however, strong evidence that idiopathic scoliosis is inherited.
What Is the Treatment for Scoliosis?
The majority of adolescents with significant scoliosis with no known cause are observed at regular intervals (usually every four to six months), including a physical exam and a low radiation X-ray.
Treatments for scoliosis include:
- Braces. Bracing is the usual treatment choice for adolescents who have a spinal curve between 25 to 40 degrees -- particularly if their bones are still maturing and if they have at least two years of growth remaining. The purpose of bracing is to halt progression of the curve. It may provide a temporary correction, but usually the curve will assume its original magnitude when bracing is eliminated.
- Surgery. Those who have curves beyond 40 to 50 degrees are often considered for scoliosis surgery. The goal is to make sure the curve does not get worse, but surgery does not perfectly straighten the spine. During the procedure, metallic implants are utilized to correct some of the curvature and hold it in the correct position until a bone graft, placed at the time of surgery, consolidates and creates a rigid fusion in the area of the curve. Scoliosis surgery usually involves joining the vertebrae together permanently -- called spinal fusion. In young children, another technique that does not involve fusion may be used since fusion stops growth of the fused part of the spine. In this case, a brace must always be worn after surgery.